Revision means to go through something carefully, thoroughly and diligently. Civil cases can be revised by the High Court Division sou moto or on the application of any aggrieved party as it possesses revisional jurisdiction as defined under Section 115 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908. The High Court has the right to revise cases decided by subordinate courts to ensure delivery of justice and maintenance of fairness. The primary objective of civil revisional authority of the High Court empowered by Section 115 is to ensure that no subordinate civil court acts arbitrarily, illegally, capriciously, irregularly or exceeds its jurisdiction and allows the High Court to guarantee the delivery of justice while ensuring that the proceedings are conducted in accordance with the rule of law and furtherance of fairness. The High Court can revise any case by a subordinate court in which no appeal lies when:

  • The subordinate civil court has exercised jurisdiction not vested in it by law.
  • The subordinate civil court has failed to exercise jurisdiction vested in it by law.
  • The subordinate civil court exercises its jurisdiction illegally or with material irregularity or in breach of some provision of the law or by committing some errors of procedure in the course of the trial which may have affected the ultimate decision.


Law for Nations has represented a number of Civil Revision cases successfully.