In cases where no provision for appeal has been provided by law or where the remedy of appeal has for any reason failed to secure fair justice, the laws provide the provision of revision. The main provisions of criminal revision are provided in section 439 read with section 435 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1908. The object of both the sections is to confer a kind of paternal and supervisory jurisdiction in order to correct miscarriage of justice arising from misconception of law, irregularity of procedure, neglect of proper precautions and apparent harshness of treatment. The High Court Division can exercise criminal revisional power suo moto or on application of any party who feels aggrieve.
Law for Nations has represented a number of criminal revision successfully.